Brief History Wing Chun Kung Fu
Wing Chun kung fu, according to legend but not verified, was devised by the nun Ng Mui, a few generations ago. It was later inherited by Yim Wing-Chun and her husband Leung Bok-Lao. With the passing of Yim, Leung named this form of kung fu Wing Chun Kuen, in honour of his beloved wife. Master Leung later moved to Guangzhou to continue his promotion of Wing Chun.
Wing Chun in Guangzhou province, China-Guangzhou Wing Chun In the 1940’s, Yuen Kay San and Cheung Bo who were two of the few highly respected successors of Wing Chun in Guangzhou, took in a teenage Kung Fu enthusiast named Sum Nung, as their student. Sum Nung dedicated himself in studying Guangzhou Wing Chun and became skilled at the art and in turn a highly reputable practitioner and teacher (Sifu). The Guangzhou Wing Chun’s form named “12 Separate-Forms“ (十二散式) is Sum Nung’s adaptation of Master Cheung’s version of Guangzhou Wing Chun style.
Wing Chun techniques are to advance quickly and strike at close range. Wing Chun practitioners practice "entry techniques"—getting past an opponent's kicks and punches to bring the opponent within range of Wing Chun's close range repertoire. Therefore, a shorter person whose limbs are shorter range can defeat a larger person by getting inside within his/her range and attacking him close to his body.
Characteristics of Wing Chun Kung Fu:
- Well balanced structure and rooted stance for defence and attack
- Direct straight multiple successions of punches to opponent while protecting the practitioner’s own centerline
- Techniques are performed with soft, relaxed with sufficient firmness so that practitioners can feel the energy of the opponent especially in “chi sao” or trapping hands
- Chi Sao practice allows the practitioner to learn how to dominate and penetrate the centerline of the opponent
- Kicks are generally low, however depending on the practitioner’s flexibility, the kicks may be targeted to the opponent’s face.
- Highly skilled practitioner can generate "short power" or vast amount of explosive power over a short range i.e. the "one-inch punch", which is popularized by Bruce Lee. The punch is launched at only an inch away from the target and the explosive power is delivered can destabilize the opponent
Wing Chun Kung Fu for the Real World
Hong Kong Airlines requires their flight attendants take a course in kung fu – Wing Chun kung fu. Wing Chun kung fu techniques can be applied in small confined space hence, it is well – suited for small space in the airplane.